The hórreo of Carnota , example of traditional Galician architecture

The hórreo of Carnota , example of traditional Galician architecture

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Hórreo of Carnota

The hórreo de Carnota, located in the picturesque town of Carnota, in the province of La Coruña, Galicia, is a living testimony to the rich architectural and cultural tradition of this region of northwestern Spain.

This unique stone barn, considered the longest in Spain, stands as an emblematic symbol of its town hall and as a witness to the importance of the countryside in the history of the Galician community.

Hórreo is a traditional structure used to store and dry grain especially corn and wheat, as well as other agricultural products.

Its main function is to protect food from moisture and rodents, while allowing ventilation to prevent the proliferation of fungi. However, horreo of Carnota goes beyond its practical function and becomes a work of local prestige since it was common in other times for parishes to compete for having the most spectacular hórreo in the area .

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The longest hórreo in Spain

Perhaps the highlight of the hórreo of Carnota is undoubtedly its impressive size. Approximately 33 meters long, it is considered the longest hórreo in Spain and one of the largest and most famous in the country. Its construction dates from the eighteenth century, 1768 , and was built in two phases being the last made in 1784. The hórreo rests on ten feet of granite, which elevate the structure of the floor which gives it a truly majestic air.

A craft architectural work

The architecture of the hórreo of Carnota reveals a careful and meticulous design , known as the bergantino style , which are the hórreos of the known as Costa da Morte.

The structure is composed of a square section structure that forms the main body of the barn.

The upper part has a gable roof, typical of traditional Galician architecture, which protects the interior from the inclement weather. The main façade features an access door, decorated with ornamental elements carved in stone, which bring an artistic touch to the structure.

The Carnota horreo is an example of the ingenious adaptation to the climatic and geographical conditions of the region. To crown the horreo stand two magnificent crosses , example of the Christian Faith as a protective element of crops .

In addition to its functional and architectural importance, the horreo of Carnota arouses the interest of visitors and curious about its connection with Galician history and culture , in fact it has become a symbol of this Spanish region , although there are also hórreos in other regions of the north of the country, such as the Principality of Asturias or the Pàis Vasco , as well as in countries such as Portugal , Austria , Croatia , Hungary or Japan .

Over the centuries, it has witnessed social, economic and technological changes, preserving in its structure the collective memory of the village of Carnota. In this sense, the hórreo is not only a static monument, but a living document that tells the history of this coastal town.

The amazing hórreo of Carnota

A hórreo protected by regional laws

The preservation of the Carnota hórreo is essential to ensure the transmission of this cultural heritage to future generations. Originally belonged to the parish of Carnota although today it belongs to Heritage and is protected by the regional government.

Although time and elements have left their mark on the stone, it is possible to admire the efforts of local and Galician authorities to preserve this architectural jewel that despite the weather is preserved in very good condition The restoration and periodic maintenance are essential to ensure that the horreo remains a living emblem.

In conclusion, Carnota’s horreo represents much more than just a barn. It is a material symbol of the culture of one of the historical nationalities of Spain. Being able to visit it is very simple. Nowadays agencies like Galicia Travels have excursions that stop in Carnota and allow visitors from all over the world to visit this incredible giant stone that is the magnificent Hórreo de Carnota .